Acute Valvular Emergencies

Author: Dr. Catherine Buckley

When I think of patients with valvular disease in the setting of the emergency department, it is frequently the acute on chronic picture. For instance: the Aortic stenosis patient with significant worsening of their fluid overload symptoms because of sepsis. What I typically don’t imagine is diagnosing or treating brand new valvular emergencies. Thank goodness for didactics! We are going to briefly review acute Mitral Regurgitation and acute Aortic regurgitation based on a wonderful talk given by Dr. Yelena Dukarevich. 

Wide Complex Tachycardia

Intro

There’s an old adage that wide complex tachycardia is VTach until proven otherwise. While this is true as do not want to miss any potentially lethal arrhythmia, it is also important to understand the differential for wide complex tachycardias so that we can tailor our potential treatments to the specific arrhythmia. It is also important to note that in any unstable patient with a wide complex tachycardia (or narrow complex tachycardia) that electricity is always safe.